Zerstörung von Beduinendorf in Israel: Kein Ort zum Leben

Bedouins cry following the destruction of houses on January 18, 2017 in the Bedouin village of Umm al-Hiran. (AFP PHOTO / MENAHEM KAHANA) The Times of Israel
Bedouins cry following the destruction of houses on January 18, 2017 in the Bedouin village of Umm al-Hiran. (AFP PHOTO / MENAHEM KAHANA)/ The Times of Israel
Israel räumt ein Beduinendorf, um Platz zu machen für ein jüdisches. Die arabische Minderheit sieht die Zerstörung des Ortes als weiteren Beleg für ihre Diskriminierung. Ein tödlicher Zwischenfall verschärft die Lage.

Von Christoph Sydow | SpON

Das Dorf, über das Israel streitet, besteht nur aus ein paar Dutzend Häusern. Rund tausend Menschen leben in Umm al-Hiran, einem kleinen Fleck am Rande der Negev-Wüste. Ihre Häuser, manche sind kaum mehr als Blechhütten, sind weder an das Wasser- noch an das Stromnetz angeschlossen.

Umm al-Hiran ist eine von 46 Beduinensiedlungen in Israel, die nicht offiziell anerkannt werden. Israels Oberster Gerichtshof hat deshalb die Zerstörung des Dorfes angeordnet. Die arabischen Beduinen sollen Platz machen für ein jüdisches Dorf, das der Staat an gleicher Stelle errichten will. Ihre neue Heimat soll das Dorf Hura werden, ein erst 1989 gegründeter Ort, in das Stück für Stück die Bewohner der illegalen arabischen Dörfer im Negev übersiedeln sollen.


Fear and loathing in Umm al-Hiran

While most Israelis were coping with another ‘terror attack’ in which a policeman was killed, at the partly demolished Bedouin village a very different narrative held sway

By Dov Lieber | The Times of Israel

Something smelled rotten. I couldn’t tell if it was the dried blood on Joint (Arab) List leader MK Ayman Odeh’s shirt, or the dead dog lying on the side of the desert road.

It was around 10 a.m. Wednesday, and we were at a roadblock where police were preventing anyone from getting through. Not even Odeh himself, who earlier in the morning was hit in the head by what he said was a sponge-tipped bullet, the police said was an errant rock thrown by Bedouin protesters, and the doctors at the hospital said they couldn’t say for sure.

There had already been two fatalities, and police didn’t want any more problems before they finished demolishing about a dozen homes and shacks in the unauthorized Bedouin village of Umm al-Hiran, around a mile off in the distance.

Hours earlier, pre-dawn, a 47-year-old local schoolteacher named Yaqoub Mousa Abu Al-Qia’an drove his car into a group of police officers, killing 1st Sgt. Erez Levi, 34.

The police and Israel’s government were quick to call the incident another terrorist ramming attack, like the attack last week in Jerusalem that killed four Israeli soldiers. And just like the Jerusalem attacker, Al-Qia’an was immediately said to have ties to an Islamist group, and this explained why he went out to commit an attack.

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